Apa Itu Internet ? Content-rich internet is only the beginning of future content, media, applications, and services that are soon to be developed and used. Not surprisingly, in large IXPs, such as the Amsterdam Internet Exchange (AMS-IX), there are already several content delivery networks using bundled 10Gbps ports, clearly demonstrating insatiable end-user demand for high bandwidth applications and services. Apa Itu Internet, High Definition Internet TV (IPTV), large online interactive games, video on demand (VOD), and feature-rich communication (video conferencing) are some examples of applications that support the Internet that contribute to increasing demand.
For American ISPs that pay between $ 20 to $ 40 / Mbps when connected to Tier 1 and Tier 2 networks, the cost of sending applications and services to end users who need larger networks and bandwidth resources is one of the obstacles that need to be overcome. Apa Itu Internet, But without broad participation in IXP, access networks have a difficult future, as do content providers who will find that shipping costs to end users become much more expensive if Tier 1 and Tier 2 networks increase wholesale shipping costs and end users of Internet traffic.
Whether through price increases or monopolistic practices, Apa Itu Internet, the largest network is currently writing rules for global Internet products. They gradually combined and gained competition, strengthening their influence in the share and presence of wholesale and transit networks. The opportunity for network peering decreases with each merger.
Carrier hotels and large data centers in the US can support positive changes in the internet peering community by creating or supporting open and inexpensive Internet Exchange points that promote network peering and content delivery to all networks.
Reducing barriers to entry and the costs of wholesale or transit networks will allow Internet networks and content companies to focus on providing network access and services, with the final winner being end users who will enjoy a lower and higher performing Internet experience.
Level 1 - Network with visibility of each network and other routes on the Internet. Tier 1 networks have a unique position on the Internet, as a maintainer of global routing. Apa Itu Internet, Tier 1 networks strive to maintain their status by setting a high entry barrier for other large networks that are trying to get similar status. Tier 1 networks rarely peer with other networks, keeping their interconnection communities free of settlement limited to other Tier 1 networks.
Tier 2 - Regional networks that peek with other regional networks, but still rely on Tier 1 networks to reach at least routes and networks. Tier 2 Internet networks often peek at public Internet exchanges to connect to other Tier 2 networks, as well as large content delivery networks. Apa Itu Internet, In some cases Tier 2 and global Tier 2 regional networks are actually bigger than their Tier 1 networks, with the only limitation being their global network visibility. Cineam
Level 3 - Access networks that buy wholesale Internet access or transit from other larger networks to reach the global Internet. Tier 3 often participates in public Internet exchange points to try to minimize the costs associated with purchasing wholesale routes and transit or access from larger Tier 1 and Tier 2 networks. Tier 3 networks are the majority of the global Internet, as Internet access providers that are truly connected with end users.
Content Delivery Networks (CDN) - Suppliers of information, entertainment, applications, and other interactive resources available to end-users of the Internet. CDN can provide their own content, or act as a cache or content distributor for other companies.
John Savageau is managing director at CRG-West, which is responsible for managing operations and architecture for some of the largest telecommunications interconnection facilities in the US, including One Wilshire in Los Angeles. He has extensive experience in telecommunications construction, Apa Itu Internet, operations and network engineering with previous positions at Sprint International, MagicNet Mongolia, Level 3 International, and the US Air Force.